Sphinx-copybutton

Documentation PyPi page

Sphinx-copybutton does one thing: add a little “copy” button to the right of your code blocks. That’s it! It is a lightweight wrapper around the excellent (and also lightweight) Javascript library ClipboardJS.

Here’s an example

_images/copybutton.gif

And here’s a code block, note the copy button to the right!

copy me!

If the code block overlaps to the right of the text area, you can just click the button to get the whole thing.

123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789123456789

You can configure sphinx-copybutton to detect input prompts in code cells, and then both remove these prompts before copying, as well as skip lines that don’t start with prompts (in case they are output lines).

For example, this site has been configured to strip Python prompts (“>>> “). Try copy-pasting the code block below.

>>> a = 2
>>> print(a)
2

>>> b = 'wow'
>>> print(b)
wow

Installation

Note

sphinx-copybutton only works on Python >= 3.4

You can install sphinx-copybutton with pip:

pip install sphinx-copybutton

Here’s a link to the sphinx-copybutton GitHub repository.

Usage

In your conf.py configuration file, add sphinx_copybutton to your extensions list. E.g.:

extensions = [
    ...
    'sphinx_copybutton'
    ...
]

When you build your site, your code blocks should now have little copy buttons to their right. Clicking the button will copy the code inside!

Customization

Sphinx-copybutton was designed to work with the default Sphinx theme, Alabaster. If you use a theme that doesn’t play nicely with sphinx-copybutton’s CSS, you can always add your own CSS rules!

Customize the CSS

To customize the display of the copy button, you can add your own CSS files that overwrite the CSS in the sphinx-copybutton CSS rules. Just add these files to _static in your documentation folder, and it should overwrite sphinx-copybutton’s behavior.

Strip and configure input prompts for code cells

By default, sphinx-copybutton will copy the entire contents of a code block when the button is clicked. For many languages, it is common to include input prompts with your examples, along with the outputs from running the code.

sphinx-copybutton provides functionality to both strip input prompts, as well as only select lines that begin with a prompt. This allows users to click the button and only copy the input text, excluding the prompts and outputs.

To define the prompt text that you’d like removed from copied text in your code blocks, use the following configuration value in your conf.py file:

copybutton_prompt_text = "myinputprompt"

When this variable is set, sphinx-copybutton will remove the prompt from the beginning of any lines that start with the text you specify. In addition, only the lines that contain prompts will be copied if any are discovered. If no lines with prompts are found, then the full contents of the cell will be copied.

For example, to exclude traditional Python prompts from your copied code, use the following configuration:

copybutton_prompt_text = ">>> "

Using regexp prompt identifiers

If your prompts are more complex than a single string, then you can use a regexp to match with.

Note

Keep in mind that the RegExp you are writing is evaluated in JavaScript and not in Python. In some edge cases this might lead to different results.

If you enclose your regexp in a raw string (r""), you can easily test that your RegExp matches all the wanted prompts, i.e. at RegEx101.

For example this documentation uses the following configuration:

copybutton_prompt_text = r">>> |\$ |\[\d*\]: |In \[\d*\]: | {2,5}\.\.\.: | {5,8}: "
copybutton_prompt_is_regexp = True

Which also matches the prompts when using prompts with continuations:

``ipython`` and ``qtconsole`` style:

.. code-block:: ipython

   In [1]: first
      ...: continuation
   output
   In [2]: second

``jupyter`` style:

.. code-block:: ipython

   In [1]: first
         : continuation
   output
   In [2]: second

ipython and qtconsole style:

In [1]: first
   ...: continuation
output
In [2]: second

jupyter style:

In [1]: first
      : continuation
output
In [2]: second

Configure whether only lines with prompts are copied

By default, if sphinx-copybutton detects lines that begin with code prompts, it will only copy the text in those lines (after stripping the prompts). This assumes that the rest of the code block contains outputs that shouldn’t be copied.

To disable this behavior, use the following configuration in conf.py:

copybutton_only_copy_prompt_lines = False

In this case, all lines of the code blocks will be copied after the prompts are stripped.

Configure whether the input prompts should be stripped

By default, sphinx-copybutton will remove the prompt text from lines according to the value of copybutton_prompt_text.

To disable this behavior and copy the full text of lines with prompts (for example, if you’d like to copy only the lines with prompts, but not strip the prompts), use the following configuration in conf.py:

copybutton_remove_prompts = False

Use a different copy button image

To use a different image for your copy buttons, do the following:

  1. Place the image in the _static/ folder of your site.
  2. Set the copybutton_image_path variable in your conf.py to be the path to your image file, relative to _static/.

Configure the CSS selector used to add copy buttons

By default, sphinx-copybutton will add a copy button to all elements that match the following selection:

div.highlight pre

To change this selector, use the following configuration in conf.py:

copybutton_selector = "your.selector"

In this case, all elements that match your.selector will have a copy button added to them.

Development

If you’d like to develop or make contributions for sphinx-copybutton, fork the repository here:

https://github.com/ExecutableBookProject/sphinx-copybutton

pull to your computer and install locally with pip:

pip install -e /path/to/sphinx_copybutton

Pull requests and Issues are absolutely welcome!

The package is tested for three things (see .github/workflows/integration.yml):

code style

To adhere to this code style install the package with pre-commit:

$ pip install .[code_style]

Then you can run:

$ pre-commit run --all

Or setup pre-commit to run on code commits:

$ pre-commit install

JavaScript unit testing

Install the test dependencies with npm:

$ npm install ci

Then run the tests:

$ npm test

Note

NodeJS >= 12 is required

Documentation builds

Install the package:

$ pip install .

Then run the docs build:

$ cd doc
$ make html